5 uses of X rays

X-ray im Angebot - Gratis Versand in 24h ab 20

X-ray bequem und günstig online bestellen. Erleben Sie günstige Preise und viele kostenlose Extras wie Proben & Zeitschriften X-rays play an important role in the fight against cancer, with high energy radiation used to kill cancer cells and shrink tumours. Patients undergo treatment outside the body (known as external-beam radiation therapy) or from radioactive material that's inserted into the body in close proximity to cancer cells

X-rays kill the diseased tissues of the body. Hence they are used to λ cure intractable skin diseases, malignant tumours etc. If the affected part is superficial soft rays are applied and for deep-seated organs, hard rays are used. 2:Engineerin In medicine, X-rays are used to view images of the bones and other structures in the body. X-rays were first discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, a German physics professor. Roentgen also studied X-rays and their ability to pass through human tissues to produce images of the bones and metals visible on developed film Medical x-rays are used to generate images of tissues and structures inside the body. If x-rays travelling through the body also pass through an x-ray detector on the other side of the patient, an image will be formed that represents the shadows formed by the objects inside the body. How Do X-rays Work? How Do X-rays Work X-rays are usually the first medical imaging procedure requested by a doctor for diagnostic purposes. X-rays are not only used to form diagnoses but also to help with treatment, check on progression of a condition or injury, and to assess progress following treatment Orthopantomography is the term that is used for describing the dental X-ray. In dentistry, X-rays are used for detecting the deformities, diseases, in growths, and the outgrowths. It is used for studying the structure of the teeth. Which organ needs the longest exposure to X-ray

Chest X-rays. A small test that uses radiation to produce images of the bones, tissues, and organs of the body. The doctor prescribes a chest X-ray for a number of reasons like shortness of breath, fever, chest pain, and persistent cough. It is a quick and effective test that aids in analyzing the health of some of the most vital organs An X-ray is a common imaging test that's been used for decades. It can help your doctor view the inside of your body without having to make an incision. This can help them diagnose, monitor, and.. The discovery of X-rays and the invention of CT represented major advances in medicine. X-ray imaging exams are recognized as a valuable medical tool for a wide variety of examinations and.. X-rays are used for crystallography, astronomy, microscopy, industrial radiography, airport security, spectroscopy, fluorescence, and to implode fission devices. X-rays may be used to create art and also to analyze paintings. Banned uses include x-ray hair removal and shoe-fitting fluoroscopes, which were both popular in the 1920s If we could see X-rays, we could see things that either give off X-rays or stop their transmission. Our eyes would be like the X-ray film used in hospitals or dentist's offices. X-ray film sees X-rays, like the ones that travel through your skin. It also sees shadows left by things that the X-rays can't travel through (like bones or metal)

Ayusya Home Health Care Pvt Ltd-Bangalore-Chennai-Madurai

What Are the Uses of X-Rays? Labmate Onlin

X-rays are performed for many reasons, including to diagnose the cause of pain, determine the extent of an injury, check on the progression of disease and evaluate how effectively treatments are working. X-rays involve targeting a small amount of radiation toward the body where images are needed For most women, there's very little risk from routine x-ray imaging such as mammography or dental x-rays. But many experts are concerned about an explosion in the use of higher radiation-dose tests, such as CT and nuclear imaging. Over 80 million CT scans are performed in the United States each year, compared with just three million in 1980

What are the uses of X raya in Evetday Life

  1. In light of the nuclear tragedy in Japan, here are my top 10 uses for radiation that are not making electricity or blowing stuff up. 10. Security. If you've been through an airport recently, you're probably all too familiar with x-ray baggage checks and their redheaded cousins, those controversial backscatter machines
  2. e the state of the internal organs hard X-rays are used to kill cancer cells. This is known as radiotherapy. x-rays can be used to view the condition of the bones, teeth and other body organs without perform a surgery directly on the patient's body
  3. Notwithstanding this early start the use of the X-ray in physiology has been rather limited. It has enabled us to see the movements of the alimentary canal and it has given some conflicting data on the size of the heart after exercise. With these exceptions, until very recent years, there has been but little physiological application of the.
  4. An X-ray, or, much less commonly, X-radiation, is a penetrating form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation.Most X-rays have a wavelength ranging from 10 picometers to 10 nanometers, corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 petahertz to 30 exahertz (30 × 10 15 Hz to 30 × 10 18 Hz) and energies in the range 124 eV to 124 keV.X-ray wavelengths are shorter than those of UV rays and.

Essentially high-powered versions of the types of X-Ray machines used in medicine, industrial radiography cameras use X-rays or even gamma sources (such as Iridium-192, Cobalt-60, or Cesium-137) to examine hard to reach or hard to see places. This is frequently used to examine welds for defects or irregularities, or examining other materials to. In a common application, X-rays are used for quick examination of the contents of airline baggage. In industry, X-ray images are used to detect flaws nondestructively in castings that are inaccessible to direct observation Dental radiographs are commonly called X-rays. Dentists use radiographs for many reasons: to find hidden dental structures, malignant or benign masses, bone loss, and cavities

Produces real-time images of internal structures of the body in a similar fashion to radiography, but employs a constant input of x-rays, at a lower dose rate to provide moving projection radiographs of lower quality. Contrast media, such as barium, iodine, and air are used to visualize internal organs as they work X-ray machines in areas of exclusive federal jurisdiction (airports, military and other federal facilities). X-ray machines belonging to manufacturers and dealers used for demonstration purposes ( See notification of temporary use requirements). X-ray machines from out of state used for less than 180 calendar days (See notification requirements) An x-ray uses electromagnetic radiation known as ionizing radiation to make images, and while the amount you're exposed to is small (for routine dental x-rays, for instance, you'll receive about the same amount of radiation as you'd normally get in a day from the sun), radiation exposure is cumulative, which means the doses you receive. X-ray, electromagnetic radiation of extremely short wavelength and high frequency, with wavelengths ranging from about 10^-8 to 10^-12 metre. The passage of X-rays through materials, including biological tissue, can be recorded. Thus, analysis of X-ray images of the body is a valuable medical diagnostic tool X-rays can also be used to guide doctors or surgeons during certain procedures. For example, during a coronary angioplasty - a procedure to widen narrowed arteries near the heart - X-rays can be used to help guide a catheter (a long, thin, flexible tube) along one of your arteries

X-Rays: Uses, Dangers, Definition & Pregnancy Safet


As in many aspects of medicine, there are risks associated with the use of X-ray imaging, which uses ionizing radiation to generate images of the body. Ionizing radiation is a form of radiation. Use the following devices in place of personnel supporting or holding animals: Sandbags. V-troughs. Slings. If personnel must support or hold an animal during an X-ray procedure, then: Personnel must ensure all body parts remain out of the useful beam. Personnel must wear the following PPE to ensure adequate protection from scattered radiation The X-ray camera uses the same film technology as an ordinary camera, but X-ray light sets off the chemical reaction instead of visible light. (See How Photographic Film Works to learn about this process.) Generally, doctors keep the film image as a negative. That is, the areas that are exposed to more light appear darker and the areas that are.

Case Review #6: 62 year old male presented with C5/6 DiscDangers of ct scans and x rays5 Online Learning Skills That Translate Perfectly to

Top 3 Uses of X-Rays Independent Imaging South Florid

Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays, gamma rays, or similar ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation to view the internal form of an object.Applications of radiography include medical radiography (diagnostic and therapeutic) and industrial radiography.Similar techniques are used in airport security (where body scanners generally use backscatter X-ray) The shorter wavelengths, closer to and overlapping the gamma ray range, are called hard x-rays. The principal uses of x-rays are in the field of scientific research, industry, and medicine. Recently, there have been many new discoveries and advances in the use of x-rays in fields ranging from health to astronomy

X-Rays - Properties, Definition, Wavelength, Types, Uses

In 1897, X-rays were first used on a military battlefield, during the Balkan War, to find bullets and broken bones inside patients. Scientists were quick to realize the benefits of X-rays, but. X-ray powder diffraction is most widely used for the identification of unknown crystalline materials (e.g. minerals, inorganic compounds). Determination of unknown solids is critical to studies in geology, environmental science, material science, engineering and biology Minecraft xray ultimate texture pack 1.17/1.16.5/1.12.2 is fundamentally better than Xray mods, and it may be used by anybody who need it in a discreet manner. Ores and generally mineral blocks are blatantly highlighted in a large way, as demonstrated in the photos An x-ray is an image created on photographic film or electronically on a digital system to diagnose illnesses and injuries. During this type of medical imaging procedure, an x-ray machine is used to take pictures of the inside of the body. The x-rays pass through various parts of the body to produce images of tissues, organs, and bones Risks of X-ray radiation used in CT scans. CT scans use X-rays, which are a type of radiation. Exposure to large doses of radiation is linked to developing cancer or leukaemia - often many years later. The dose of X-ray radiation needed for a CT scan is much more than for a single X-ray picture but is still generally quite a low dose

6 Important Types of X Rays Everyone Must Know

The most familiar use of x-rays is checking for fractures (broken bones), but x-rays are also used in other ways. For example, chest x-rays can spot pneumonia. Mammograms use x-rays to look for breast cancer. When you have an x-ray, you may wear a lead apron to protect certain parts of your body. The amount of radiation you get from an x-ray is. X rays are used in several techniques that can provide enlarged images of the structure of opaque objects. These techniques, collectively referred to as X-ray microscopy or microradiography, can also be used in the quantitative analysis of many materials. One of the dangers in the use of X rays is that they can destroy living tissue and can. Essential background on the determination of absolute configuration by way of single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) is presented. The use and limitations of an internal chiral reference are described. The physical model underlying the Flack parameter is explained. Absolute structure and absolute co The x-rays that are not absorbed are used to create the image. The amount that is absorbed contributes to the patient's radiation dose. The radiation that passes through the body does not. The scientific unit of measurement for whole body radiation dose, called effective dose, is the millisievert (mSv). Other radiation dose measurement units.

X-Ray: Purpose, Procedure, and Risk

X-rays are generated within the tungsten anode and an X-ray beam (5) is directed towards the patient. X-rays are generated via interactions of the accelerated electrons with electrons of tungsten nuclei within the tube anode. There are two types of X-ray generated: characteristic radiation and bremsstrahlung radiation.. 1.2.3 It shall be unlawful to use, receive, own, or possess x-ray equipment unless the facility is registered with the Department and is operated in compliance with all applicable provisions. 1.2.4 It shall be unlawful to use hand-held non-image intensified fluoroscopic screens Cephalometric x-rays (also called ceph x-rays or radiographs) show a side view of your head, exposing teeth, jaw, and surrounding structures. This technology is considered safe and often useful or necessary to help professionals evaluate and assist patients. This specific type of x-ray is used in diagnosis and treatment planning X-rays are safe. Chest X-rays can diagnose pneumonia, lung masses, and broken ribs. The use of X-rays allows physicians to look inside the body to diagnosis an injury or illness. When done for appropriate situations, X-rays are safe and beneficial. It is important that X-rays are not misused or overused because over a lifetime, a person may be. X-rays are common as they can be used to diagnose and treat a wide range of health complications. For example, many providers such as James E Butler, DMD, a Hilliard X-rays specialist, use the technology to diagnose and treat dental complications. But X-rays can also be used when managing musculoskeletal complications, cardiovascular issues, and women's health issues, to mention a few

Medical X-ray Imaging FD

The characteristic x-ray emission which is shown as two sharp peaks in the illustration at left occur when vacancies are produced in the n=1 or K-shell of the atom and electrons drop down from above to fill the gap. The x-rays produced by transitions from the n=2 to n=1 levels are called K-alpha x-rays, and those for the n=3→1 transition are. The various kinds of dental X-rays, including panoramic X-rays, bitewing X-rays, and periapical X-rays, among others, each reveal a different view of your mouth. Your dentist can use dental X-rays for a wide variety of purposes, including to find cavities between your teeth, to diagnose gingivitis or periodontal disease, to help place implants. X-Ray Imaging. X-ray imaging is the oldest but one of the most frequently used imaging types (RadiologyInfo.org 2018). Discovered back in 1895, X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation. X-rays work on a wavelength and frequency that we're unable to see with the naked, human eye The radiation one typically encounters is one of four types: alpha radiation, beta radiation, gamma radiation, and x radiation. Neutron radiation is also encountered in nuclear power plants and high-altitude flight and emitted from some industrial radioactive sources. Alpha Radiation. Alpha radiation is a heavy, very short-range particle and is.

design of X-ray machines. Tungsten is used because of its high melting temperature, and copper is used because of its excellent thermal conductivity. These elements may be used together, with a tungsten anode being embedded in a large piece of copper. •The dose rate in a typical X-ray beam is estimated in Module 5. Production of X-rays Module. IAEA Radiation Oncology Physics: A Handbook for Teachers and Students - 5.1 Slide 1 5.1 INTRODUCTION The study and use of ionizing radiation in medicine started with three important discoveries: • X rays by Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895. • Natural radioactivity by Henri Becquerel in 1896. • Radium-226 by Pierre and Marie Curie in 1898. IAEA Radiation Oncology Physics: A Handbook for Teachers.

X-ray use is regulated by several different agencies in the United States. Individual states work with the Food and Drug Administration to inspect and approve the X-ray machines used within their borders. Related Articles. Advantages & Disadvantages of X-Rays. Learn More X-rays are a type of radiation called electromagnetic waves (with wavelengths ranging from 0.01 to 10 nanometers). X-ray imaging creates pictures of the inside of your body. The images show the parts of your body in different shades of black and white. This is because different tissues absorb different amounts of radiation

X-Ray Definition. An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation. Their wavelength is smaller the UV rays and they are therefore invisible to the human eye. Due to this small wavelength, x-rays are able to pass through solid objects. Their ability to penetrate solid objects depends on how dense the material of the object is No one orders X-rays, whether they are junior medial staff or consultants. X-rays can only be requested. Legal aspects. The use of radiation is governed by the Ionising Radiations Regulations (DoH, 1999). This provides the framework for the use of all forms of ionising radiation, from the nuclear power industry to the health service X-rays can penetrate various objects and the degree of penetration depends upon the quality of the X-ray beam, and also on the intensity and wavelength of the X-ray beam. 14. In the case of diagnostic X-ray beam there are three X-ray mechanisms by which these processes take place: 1. Coherent Scattering 2. Photoelectric Scattering 3 X-rays are used in medical imaging much like a camera uses visible light to create an image. X-rays pass through the body and create an image on film based on how many x-rays get absorbed and how many pass through. These films are commonly referred to as x-rays, but x-rays are actually the type of radiation that is used to produce the image

X Ray Definition and Properties (X Radiation

The facility must use the requirements contained in Section 16.53(b)(6), 16.56(c)(3) and 16.57(c)(2) of Part 16 and may use the information provided in the attached Federal regulations for the administration of the Radiation Control of Health and Safety Act of 1968 to establish their Policy and Procedures Manual item regarding the use of. rectangular collimation of the x-ray beam. Use of collimation also improves image quality. When an x-ray beam is directed as a patient about 90% of the x-ray photons are absorbed by the tissues and 10% of the photons pass through the patient and reach the film. Many of the absorbed photons generate scattere 7/23/2021 X-ray - Wikipedia 2/28 Example of a Crookes tube, a type of discharge tube that emitted X-rays Detectors Medical uses Projectional radiographs Computed tomography Fluoroscopy Radiotherapy Adverse effects Other uses Visibility Units of measure and exposure See also References External links Before their discovery in 1895, X-rays were just a type of unidentified radiation emanating. What are X rays used for? From studying tooth decay in your mouth to detecting events in distant galaxies, X rays are useful in many different ways. Medicine. One of the first uses people found for X rays was in medicine—and they're still best known as a medical tool, used in both diagnosis and treatment

Periodontal disease, X-ray - Stock Image - C012/1381

The phenomenon of x-ray diffraction from crystals is used both to analyze x-rays of unknown wavelength using a crystal whose atomic structure is known, and to determine, using x-rays of known wavelength, the atomic structure of crystals. As mentioned, it is the second application of x-ray diffraction that will be studied in thi Most of those tests are X-rays, which use relatively low levels of radiation. About one in eight scans ordered for kids is a CT scan. Because they spin around the body taking multiple images, CT. Gamma rays are typically more energetic than X-rays, so they have more ionizing power compared to X-rays. Gamma rays are used to sterilize medical equipment or to kill cancer cells in radiotherapy. Compared to alpha and beta radiation, they have a higher level of penetration, which makes gamma rays useful for medical imaging, as well Digital X-rays are starting to replace traditional plain film X-rays due to the ease of use, efficiency, and most importantly, the reduced amount of radiation needed and used. Digital X-rays are taken with a specialized sensor that sends the image directly to the computer, where it can be viewed immediately. With a plain film X-ray, if the.

NASA - The Electromagnetic Spectrum - X-Ray

X-rays were one of the first forms of biomedical imaging and NIBIB's 60 Seconds of Science explain how they create those images of bones we all know well. Mu.. X-rays of wavelength 12.5 pm are scattered from a block of carbon. Use your knowledge of Compton scattering to find the wavelengths of photons scattered at the following angles. What is the wavelength of a photon scattered through 69 degrees in pm

After the discovery of the diffraction of X rays by crystals in 1912, Bragg and his son, William L., derived Bragg's law, which relates the wavelength of X rays to the glancing angle of reflection. In 1913 the elder Bragg built the first X-ray spectrometer, which he initially used to study X-ray spectral distributions Routine use of chest X-rays had a weighed score of 89.5 from correctly identifying all 30% of misplaced tubes (part score 30) and from feeding correctly in 70% of the patients though with a delay (part score 59.5, mean delay 17 hours, range 1.5-47 hours, iii see online supplementary appendix 3 for further details) X-ray: An X-ray is a quick, painless test that produces images of the structures inside your body — particularly your bones Industrial and research uses of X-rays include X-ray crystallography and fluoroscopy which are commonly used for the quality control of materials (i.e. metal quality) and investigating the properties of materials. Industrial radiography can use X-ray or gamma sources for analysis to look for cracks in buildings, structures or pressure vessels Today, X-rays are used in a variety of places, ranging from dentist and doctors' offices to safety checkpoints at airports. Although the medical scans help doctors and patients around the world monitor injuries and conditions, they also have a downside: radiation. As we'll discuss, X-rays emit a type of radiation that can be harmful to humans if the intensity is too high or the exposure is too.

The voltage potential used to generate the x-rays (KeV). The amperage used to generate the x-rays (mA). The exposure time. The distance between the radiation source and the film. The material of the component being radiographed. The thickness of the material that the radiation must travel through. The amount of scattered radiation reaching the. X-rays are the most used diagnostic imaging test and are widely available.Even if you require more sophisticated body scans, it's likely you'll receive an x-ray first. They are a form of radiation, and when passing through your body, bone and other dense objects block the radiation and look white on the film of the x-ray

We use the number of X-ray quanta measured per second, cps (= counts per second) or kcps (= kilocounts per second) as the unit of intensity. Fundamental Principles Introduction to X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) 2 1.1.1 The Origin of X-rays In Figure 5-8, what is the maximum safe milliamperage that may be used with a 0.10-s exposure and 120 kVp, using the 3-phase, 1.0-mm focal-spot x-ray tube? 1 only Any images obtained using dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone densitometr An X-ray uses small amounts of radiation to view your body's bones. When focusing on the lower spine, an X-ray can help detect abnormalities, injuries, or diseases of the bones in that specific. Bone x-ray uses a very small dose of ionizing radiation to produce pictures of any bone in the body. It is commonly used to diagnose fractured bones or joint dislocation. Bone x-rays are the fastest and easiest way for your doctor to view and assess bone fractures, injuries and joint abnormalities 5.2.6. X ray machines for radiotherapy Superficial and orthovoltage X rays used in radiotherapy are produced with X ray machines. The main components of a radiotherapeutic X ray machine are: an X ray tube; a ceiling or floor mount for the X ray tube; a target cooling system; a control console; and an X ray power generator. A schemati

X-ray tube: Source of the x-rays: Scattered radiation: The x-rays that strikes the patient and travel in all directions, inside & outside the body: Radiation fog: Unwanted image exposure that is caused by scattered x-rays: Computed radiography (CR) Filmless x-ray system that uses a digital format to produce: Image receptor (IR) Receives the. § 290-5-22-.02(1)(d) and .02(4) to perform the initial inspection at your own expense. Enclosed is a package of information that contains forms and materials that you are required to submit to this Office within (30) days. The materials included are: ___ 1. Rules and Regulations for X-Rays www.dch.georgia.gov ___ 2

Electron energies of 5-7 MeV are commercially used; the energies of the resultant X-rays lie along a spectrum ranging from zero to the energy of the electron beam. In practice, X-rays used for sterilization can be more penetrating than either gamma-rays or electron beams. [4 Many uses of radiation help to ensure the high quality and safety of our daily lives. Smoke detectors to warn us of fire, x-ray machines to detect weapons or other devices in luggage and cargo, and certain types of imaging to look for diseases are all application of radiation for the benefit of society person or the non-human use of x-ray by veterinarians by virtue of the Veterinary Medicine and Surgery Practice Act of 1983 [225 ILCS 115]. The provisions of this Part are in addition to, and not in substitution for, other applicable provisions of 32 Ill. Adm. Code 310, 320, 340, 400 and 410 Radiation exists all around us and is in two forms: ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation is a form of radiation with less energy than ionizing radiation. Unlike ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation does not remove electrons from atoms or molecules of materials that include air, water, and living tissue

Computerized tomography, commonly known as a CT or CAT scan, uses special x-ray equipment to make detailed images of bones and soft tissue in the body. Medical x-rays are the single largest source of man-made radiation exposure. Learn more about radiation sources and doses. X-rays are also used in industry for inspections and process controls Shielding is used for most of the 70,000 X-ray procedures performed annually at Lurie in a variety of settings, from orthopedics to the emergency department. A few miles away, at the University of.

X-ray. X-rays are a type of electromagnetic radiation, just like visible light. An x-ray machine sends individual x-ray particles through the body. The images are recorded on a computer or film. Structures that are dense (such as bone) will block most of the x-ray particles, and will appear white. Metal and contrast media (special dye used to. Characteristic x-rays are emitted from heavy elements when their electrons make transitions between the lower atomic energy levels. The characteristic x-ray emission which is shown as two sharp peaks in the illustration at left occur when vacancies are produced in the n=1 or K-shell of the atom and electrons drop down from above to fill the gap Grids are placed between the patient and the x-ray film to reduce the scattered radiation reaching the detector (produced mainly by the Compton effect) and thus improve image contrast.. They are made of parallel strips of high attenuating material such as lead with an interspace filled with low attenuating material such as carbon fiber or organic spacer 5. Less radiation exposure. A panoramic bitewing study may cut radiation dose by 40% in comparison with intraoral, bitewing X-ray studies. A digital pan bitewing may create as little as three to five microsieverts vs. eight to 20 or more for intraoral bitewings, depending on cone length, machine, and sensor type The X-rays are passed through the body, so a risk of radiation exposure is associated with these scans. CT Scans Pose The Maximum Radiation Risk. Computed tomography or CT scan is a computer-aided X-ray technique. This technique too uses X-rays but here, unlike the normal X-ray image, you get to see cross-sectional images of the organs and body.

Hirschsprung Disease

Details. This Policy Framework provides end-to-end instruction and guidance on the procurement, installation and use of X-ray body scanners in prisons, where prisoners are believed to be engaged. There's far less radiation exposure with an X-ray. The most important downstream consequence specifically of X-rays for bronchiolitis is the inappropriate use of antibiotics, Burstein says Digital radiography is a type of X-ray imaging that uses digital X-ray sensors to replace traditional photographic X-ray film, producing enhanced computer images of teeth, gums, and other oral structures and conditions. Digital dental images are acquired through three methods: the direct method, indirect method and semi-indirect method XX--rays:rays: Formed from energy transfers involving electrons X ϒ--rays:rays: From the nucleus when excess energy is emitted in the unstable state, interactions of nucleus with other particles in the region of the electrostatic field of the nucleus. Ex. Radioactive decay.-Stopped by lead found in medical uses X and gamma radiation are.

Upper limb radiology

However, CT scans use x-rays, and all x-rays produce ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation has the potential to cause biological effects in living tissue. This is a risk that increases with the number of exposures added up over the life of an individual. However, the risk of developing cancer from radiation exposure is generally small X-rays are absorbed by dense structures like bones, which is why X-ray photos are used to help identify broken bones. X-ray imaging is also used for scanning the internal structure of objects and. 1. X-ray tube: An envelope of glass containing a filament, target, and an extremely high vacuum. High melting point—in order to withstand higher temperatures—hence a higher capacity in production of xrays. High atomic weight—to secure a better output of radiation, or characteristic x-rays of a better quality